What is the Flipped Classroom?

The flipped classroom refers to a model of learning that rearranges how time is spent both in and out of class to shift the ownership of learning from the educators to the students. In the flipped classroom model, valuable class time is devoted to higher cognitive, more active, project-based learning where students work together to solve local or global challenges — or other real-world applications — to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. Rather than the instructor using class time to dispense information, that work is done by each student after class, and could take the form of watching video lectures, listening to podcasts, perusing enhanced e-book content, or collaborating with peers in online communities. Students access the online tools and resources any time they need them. Faculty can then devote more time to interacting with each individual. After class, students manage the content they use, the pace and style of learning, and the ways in which they demonstrate their knowledge; the instructor adapts instructional and collaborative approaches to suit their learning needs and personal learning journeys.

INSTRUCTIONS: Enter your responses to the questions below. This is most easily done by moving your cursor to the end of the last item and pressing RETURN to create a new bullet point. Please include URLs whenever you can (full URLs will automatically be turned into hyperlinks; please type them out rather than using the linking tools in the toolbar).

Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: - Larry Larry Feb 8, 2012

(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • In a general way, museums can approach learning by providing content before the visitor comes to the museum or a program. The experience at the museum or in the program then focuses on the individuals' needs rather than teaching rote information. - ortiz ortiz Feb 16, 2016 +1- heathermarie.wells heathermarie.wells Feb 28, 2016 - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016
  • I feel that museums are perfect candidates for the flipped classroom approach. Many museums do experiential learning well but few have made the flip. Good example here: http://artmuseumteaching.com/2015/06/05/we-flipped-our-museum-heres-what-we-learned/ - ryand ryand Feb 17, 2016 +1- heathermarie.wells heathermarie.wells Feb 28, 2016 - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016
  • Museums can look to universities to see this sea-change impact academia - one such example is MIT Dean for graduate education, Christine Ortiz’s radical proposal for a flipped university in Massachusetts. Her vision is for a place of higher learning with no majors, lectures, or classrooms and where the entire school will focus on project-based learning. http://www.bostonmagazine.com/news/blog/2016/01/29/mit-dean-new-university/ - shazan shazan Feb 17, 2016.
  • Having worked very closely with formal educators nationwide, who are direly looking for more real-world examples and contextual information to enhance classroom learning, I see this as a golden opportunity for museums. Museums especially those who have digitized collections can offer digital lesson plans for teachers tied to their curricula as well as digital curating and exhibit building aka digital "making" projects for students of all ages. This can bring learning to life in an authentic way pgangopadhyay- PGangopadhyay PGangopadhyay Feb 28, 2016 Agree! I added an example of this under item (4) - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • With the existing digital divide, we need to assess if the flipped classroom model is a viable solution for all students, especially for the low-income families who may not even have access to internet. pgangopadhyay- PGangopadhyay PGangopadhyay Feb 28, 2016 - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016
  • Pgangopadhyay makes a good point and I think as schools adopted more approaches that rely on technology we'll see more of them work on fixing the solution of getting helping their students get access to the Internet outside of school. I know several schools in Arkansas give grants to families to help them pay for Internet access in the home. There was even a school that was pursing grant money to install antennas at the school to provide connectivity within a certain range of the school. - heathermarie.wells heathermarie.wells Feb 28, 2016
  • One thing that occurs to me about this strategy is that it could be a solution for lots of parents. I know so many parents that say they can't help their kids with their homework because everything has changed so much since they were in school. If the students are accessing the lectures at home, the parents might be able to take part as well and aid the students better in learning. - heathermarie.wells heathermarie.wells Feb 28, 2016 - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016- chuck.patch chuck.patch Mar 18, 2016yes
  • The digital divide is also a problem when looking at schools and teachers. In Denmark, it is estimated that only approx. 25 % of Danish public schools are digitally up to speed. This can create challenges when museums have ambitions of offering flipped classroom experiences to schools, as teachers may not be equipped with tools/capacity to accept the offer. Flipped classroom success depends very much on museums aligning their offer with the reality of schools/teachers/students level of digital knowledge, and offering collaboration and facilitation as a key component. I touched upon this topic in my 2015 essay "Wanna Play? Building bridges between open museum content and digital learning in public schools" https://medium.com/code-words-technology-and-theory-in-the-museum/wanna-play-8f8e2e8cb2fe#.7tudloqbu - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016
  • And of course there is the issue of museums aligning their offer with the administrative and academic requirements of local school administrations.- chuck.patch chuck.patch Mar 18, 2016
  • Is anyone on the panel following the ConnectED initiative?
    It will be interesting to find communities that are actively participating in this initiative and if there are any museum partnering with schools on flipped classroom models.
    pgangopadhyay- PGangopadhyay PGangopadhyay Feb 29, 2016

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on education and interpretation in museums?

  • I think the impact is limited unless the museum is heavily focused on in-person educational experiences. K-12 and some college programs might benefit, but this is expecting the visitor/participant to prepare for their experience. Most people don't expect to do that. They think the museum experience will teach them. That said, if the trend becomes more entrenched in schools, museums might start to follow suit. I don't expect this to impact museums heavily in the next 5 years. - ortiz ortiz Feb 16, 2016 I think the opportunity here, to achieve the educational mission of our institutions, is so great that museums should take a proactive role and work targetedly with public schools on flipped classroom programs. We should channel some resources from doing expensive temporary exhibitions to wow our peers to achieving this well. This can have real social impact for learners if done right. - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016
  • Even just the idea of a 'flipped museum' would be an excellent starting point for new ways for visitors to experience the museum in innovative ways. Many educational projects go a long way to engage with visitors but if we read the term 'flipped' as equaling 180 degrees most of these projects that we hear about reflect a more 45 degree attempt at visitor engagement. There is still a lot that can be done here. Perhaps we can look to Christine Ortiz’s new school for inspiration - shazan shazan Feb 17, 2016. - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016
  • I love Susan Hazan's use of the term 'flipped museum.' Imagine if we were to question our long-held assumptions around what constitutes an educational museum experience. If we were to examine traditional programs from both a programmatic and technical perspective could lead to some radical new approaches. - dmitroff dmitroff Feb 28, 2016
  • I think the flipped classroom is relevant to how museums use technology. I also think it is a pedagogy, not a technology. It is a way of using technology more efficiently and appropriately, particularly in the case of programs built with and for schools and "formal learning" partners.- weberj weberj Feb 28, 2016- chuck.patch chuck.patch Mar 18, 2016
  • I agree that flipped classroom is a pedagogy. I see this as a tremendous opportunity for museums to become integral partners of education (K-12 and University level) where museums are not just optional resources. Using the flipped classroom paradigm, museum staff and educators can co-create the student learning experiences and jointly drive impact. I am very interested in seeing some models where this is being tried... even in a pilot stage. pgangopadhyay- PGangopadhyay PGangopadhyay Feb 28, 2016
  • I think the flipped classroom idea could have a larger impact on schools being able to go to museums on field trips. If the notion of what needs to happen during school hours changes then it could be easier for teachers to get school administration to agree to more field trips. - heathermarie.wells heathermarie.wells Feb 28, 2016
  • Heather has a great point about how adjusting our notion of what needs to happen during school hours could impact students' ability to go to museums during the school day. If we could question our long-held assumptions around what needs to happen during the school day, this could make room for more informal learning experiences like museum visits. - dmitroff dmitroff Feb 28, 2016

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

  • Yes, the Oakland Museum of California's Innovation Lab is working on a multi-year program to develop what they are calling a "Flexible Program Prototype." They are experimenting with ways to foster student-centered and student-driven experiences at the Museum, adapting to student curiosity and interest. Their prototype explorations have included such things as: experimenting with which components can happen at the Museum vs. off-site; allowing students to identify inquiry questions; encouraging students to move between spaces at a student-driven pace; and, experimenting with flexible outcomes. - dmitroff dmitroff Feb 28, 2016
  • Adding an example from my own museum Statens Museum for Kunst, where we have combined open collections content with interactive learning in a flipped classroom model: In collaboration with public school teachers, we have created a package of thematic learning modules based on artworks from our open Public Domain digitised collections. The modules are aligned with public school curricula for different ages/levels, and have been tested in classrooms before launch.
    [Info in Danish] http://www.smk.dk/besoeg-museet/undervisning/smk-skoletube/
    [Video in Danish] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOVqesr5S74 - Merete.Sanderhoff Merete.Sanderhoff Feb 29, 2016

Please share information about related projects in our Horizon Project Sharing Form.